Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September 1907 in Lahore, Punjab, British India. He completed his schooling at Dayanand Anglo-Vedic High School and graduated in Bachelor’s of Arts (B.A.) from National College (1923).
He was born with the release of his father and two uncles, Ajit Singh and Swarn Singh from prison. Members of his family were Hindus and Sikhs; Some were active in Indian independence movements, others served in Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s army. His paternal village was Khatan Kalan near the town of Banga, India, in Nawanshahar district of Punjab (now named Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar).
His family was politically active. His grandfather, Arjun Singh, followed Swami Dayanand Saraswati’s Hindu reformist movement, the Arya Samaj, which had considerable influence on Bhagat. His father and uncle Kartar Singh were members of the Ghadar Party led by Sarabha and Har Dayal. Ajit Singh had to remain in exile due to pending court cases against him, while Swaran Singh died in Lahore in 1910 after his release from prison.
In 1919, when he was 12 years old, Singh visited the site of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, after which thousands of unarmed people gathered at a public meeting. When he was 14 years old, he was among those in his village who welcomed the protesters against the killing of a large number of unarmed people at Gurdwara Nankana Sahib on 20 February 1921. Singh was disillusioned with Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence when he called off the non-cooperation movement.
Gandhi’s decision was followed by violent killings of policemen by villagers, who were reacting to the police killing three villagers in the 1922 Chauri Chaura incident. Singh joined the Young Revolutionary Movement and began advocating for the violent overthrow of the British government in India.
Bhagat Singh was an Indian socialist revolutionary whose dramatic violence against the British in India at the age of 23 and the death penalty made him a folk hero of the Indian independence movement.
In December 1928, Bhagat Singh and a colleague, Sivaram Rajguru, badly shot John Saunders, a 21-year-old British police officer in Lahore, Punjab, who is Pakistan today, misunderstanding Saunders, who is now Is also for probation. British Superintendent of Police, James Scott, whom he intended to assassinate.
He believed that Scott was responsible for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, a popular Indian nationalist leader, ordered a lathicharge in which Rai was injured and died of a heart attack two weeks later. While Saunders exited a police station on a motorcycle, a notched man fell from a single bullet fired on the road by the Rajguru. When he was injured, he was shot several times by Singh from close range, eight bullet wounds appeared in the postmortem report.
Another associate of Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad, shot and killed an Indian police head constable, Channan Singh, who attempted to chase Singh and Rajguru as they fled.
After fleeing, Singh and his colleagues publicly used pseudonyms to avenge Lajpat Rai’s death, putting up ready posters that they turned to show Saunders as their intended target. After this, Singh remained together for several months, and at that time there was no result.
Again in April 1929, he and another colleague Batukeshwar Dutt installed two home-built bombs inside the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. They showered leaflets from the gallery at the MLAs below, shouted slogans and then allowed the officers to arrest them. The arrest, and the resulting publicity, brought to light Singh’s complexity in the John Saunders case.
Awaiting trial, Singh publicly sympathized with public vengeance partner Jatin Das after he joined the hunger strike, demanding better prison conditions for Indian prisoners, ending his death by starvation in September 1929 Received. Singh was convicted and hanged in March 1931. Bhagat Singh became a popular folk hero after his death.
Bhagat Singh became a popular folk hero after his death. Jawaharlal Nehru wrote of him: “Bhagat Singh did not become popular because of his act of terrorism, but because he was seen to be worshiping, at this time, in honor of Lala Lajpat Rai, and by him for the nation. He is a symbol. Became. The act was forgotten, remained a symbol, and within a few months resumed in each city and village of the Punjab, and to a lesser extent in the rest of North India, with their names.
Still in later years, an atheist and socialist in life, Singh won admirers from among a political spectrum in India that included both communist and right-wing Hindu nationalists. Although many of Singh’s allies, as well as many Indian colonial revolutionaries, were involved in daring acts and either killed or suffered violent deaths, some were lionized to the same extent in popular art and literature.
- Singh, Bhagat (27 September 1931). Why I am an atheist. New Delhi: National Book Trust. ISBN 9781983124921.
- Singh, Bhagat (2007). Bhagat Singh : ideas on freedom, liberty and revolution : Jail notes of a revolutionary. Gurgaon: Hope India. ISBN 9788178710563. OCLC 506510146.
- Singh, Bhagat; Press, General (31 December 2019). Jail Diary and Other Writings. GENERAL PRESS. ISBN 978-93-89716-06-1.
- Singh, Bhagat (28 January 2010). IDEAS OF A NATION:SINGH; BHAGAT. Penguin Books Limited. ISBN 978-81-8475-191-8.
- Singh, Bhagat; Press, General (2 October 2019). No Hanging, Please Shoot Us. GENERAL PRESS. ISBN 978-93-89440-70-6.
- Singh, Bhagat (2020). The Complete Writings of Bhagat Singh : Why I am an Atheist, The Red Pamphlet, Introduction to Dreamland, Letter to Jaidev Gupta … and other works. Chicago: DXBooks. ISBN 9782291088691. OCLC 1153081094.
- Singh, Bhagat (2009). Selected works of Bhagat Singh. Big Red Oak. ISBN 9781449558611.
- Singh, Bhagat (2007). Śahīda Bhagata Siṃha : dastāvejoṃ ke āine meṃ. Naī Dillī: Prakāśana Vibhāga, Sūcanā aura Prasāraṇa Mantrālaya, Bhārata Sarakāra. ISBN 9788123014845. OCLC 429632571.
- Singh, Bhagat. Letter to my Father. Sristhi Publishers & Distributors.
- Singh, Bhagat (2008). Bhagatasiṃha ke rājanītika dastāveja (in Hindi). National Book Trust. ISBN 978-81-237-5109-2.
- Singh, Bhagat. Bhagat Singh ke siyāsī dastāvez (in Urdu). National Book Trust, India.
The height of Bhagat Singh in different measurement are the following:
Height in centimeters- 173 cm
Height in meters- 1.73 m
Height in feet and inches- 5’ 8”
Family details of Bhagat Singh are the following:
- Father Name: Kishan Singh (Member of Ghadar Party)
- Mother Name: Vidyavati Kaur (Home Maker)
- Brother Name: Kultar Singh, Kulbir Singh, Rajinder Singh, Jagat Singh, Ranbir Singh
- Sister Name: Bibi Prakash Kaur, Bibi Amar Kaur, Bibi Shakuntala Kaur
- Paternal Uncles- Ajit Singh and Swaran Singh
- Paternal Grandfather- Arjun Singh
- Grandson- Yadvinder Singh (son of younger brother)
- Grand Nephew Abhitej Singh Sandhu (died in 2016)