Sarojini Naidu was born on 13th February 1879 in Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, British India. She completed her schooling at St. George’s Grammar School, Hyderabad, and graduated from the University of Madras, Chennai, Nizam College, Hyderabad, King’s College, London, and Girton College, Cambridge.
Sarojini died on 2nd March 1949 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India due to a heart attack at the age of 70, at that time she was working in her office in Lucknow.
Works of Sarojini Naidu are the following:
- 1905: The Golden Threshold, published in the United Kingdom
- 1912: The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death & the Spring, published in London
- 1917: The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death, and the Spring, including “The Gift of India” (first read in public in 1915)
- 1919: Muhammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity
- 1943: The Sceptred Flute: Songs of India, Allahabad: Kitabistan, posthumously published
- 1961: The Feather of the Dawn, posthumously published, edited by her daughter
- 1971:The Indian Weavers
She was an Indian Poet, Writer, Author, Activist, Politician, Governor & Freedom Fighter. She was the 1st woman who becomes the president of the Indian National Congress and also the Governor of Uttar Pradesh.
She was mainly called by people the Nightingale of India. Naidu actively participated in various freedom struggle movements from which one of them is Mahatma Gandhi’s famous Dandi March.
The freedom fighter Sarojini Naidu’s birth sign was Virgo. She gains her name and fame wherever she goes in the country. She stands at a height of 4 feet 8 inches. She weighs around 65 kg at the time of death. Besides that, She had normally long, black color hair and black color eyes which suit her lifestyle very well.
When Sarojini Naidu was studying in England she met Govind Rajulu Naidu and fell in love with him. At that time Govind Rajulu Naidu had gone to become a Physician in England. After returning to India She got married to him at the age of only 19 in the year 1898.
Because he was married in Madras under the Brahmo Marriage Act (1872). so, it was inter-caste marriage (ie marriage in another cast) and at that time inter-caste marriage was not recognized in Indian society.
This was one kind of revolutionary step for married couples. But Naidu’s father doesn’t care about society and gave them full support to his fearless. Later, Her marriage was successful and she had five children named Jayasuriya, Nilawar, Padmaja, Randhir, and Leelamani.
Awards and Honors
Awards and Honors received by Sarojini Naidu are as follows:
- Sarojini Naidu was awarded the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal by the British government for her work during the plague epidemic in India, which she later returned in protest over the April 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
- Her birthday 13 February is celebrated as Women’s Day to recognize powerful voices of Women in India’s history.
- Sarojini Naidu (1960) is a documentary film about her life, directed by Bhagwan Das Garga and produced by the Government of India‘s Films Division.
- For her work in the field of poetry writing, Naidu was given the title of “Nightingale of India”.
- In 2014, Google India commemorated Naidu’s 135th birth anniversary with a Google Doodle. Naidu was listed among the “150 Leading Women” list by the University of London in the United Kingdom in the year 2018.
- Asteroid 5647 Sarojininaidu, discovered by Eleanor Helin at Palomar Observatory in 1990, was named in her memory.
- The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 27 August 2019 (M.P.C. 115893).
Family details of Sarojini Naidu are the following:
- Father Name: Aghornath Chattopadhyaya
- Mother Name: Barada Sundari Devi(poet )
- Brother Name: Virendranath Chattopadhyaya (Indian Revolutionary) & Harindranath Chattopadhyaya (Indian Poet, Dram atist), Sunalini Devi(was a good dancer and actress)(Total Eight Sibling, others name are not known)
- Husband Name: Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu (married in 1898)
- Son Name: Jayasurya Naidu, Nilawar Naidu, and Randheer Naidu
- Daughters Name: Padmaja Naidu(was a Politician & Freedom Fighter) and Leelamani Naidu
- Sister-in-law: Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay(freedom fighter)
Some of the unknown facts about Sarojini Naidu are the following:
- Sarojini Naidu was born on 13th February 1879 in Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, British India.
- She completed her schooling at St. George’s Grammar School, Hyderabad.
- Sarojini died on 2nd March 1949 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India due to a heart attack at the age of 70, at that time she was working in her office in Lucknow.
- When Sarojini Naidu was studying in England she met Govind Rajulu Naidu and fell in love with him.
- She got married at the age of only 19 in the year 1898.
- After Independent India, Naidu held the post of Governor of the State of Uttar Pradesh.
Some of the favorite things of Sarojini Naidu are the following:
Favorite Color: White
Favorite Dress: Saree